From Ousmane Dembele to Erling Haaland - How Borussia Dortmund made over €1 billion in player sales

Borussia Dortmund transfer gurus
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Borussia Dortmund have been absolutely smashing it in the transfer market with some big-money departures throughout the century

Borussia Dortmund have established themselves as one of the biggest clubs in Germany along with Bayern Munich in the last decade.

In the last 10 seasons, they have won the Bundesliga once and finished second on five occasions.

The Black and Yellows have not just made a name by becoming a challenger to Bayern Munich's supremacy in Germany, but they have also become a club known for nurturing some of the finest talents in world football.

Several players such as Robert Lewandowski, Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang, Ilkay Gundogan and Ousmane Dembele came to the club as relative unknowns but left the club as superstars. And on most occasions, the German side made big money by selling them.

The recent addition to that list is Norwegian forward Erling Haaland who is set to join Manchester City in the summer of 2022 for a reported fee of €75 million.

Season

Biggest sale

Fee

Total sales

2022/23

Erling Haaland

€75M

€75M

2021/22

Jadon Sancho

€85M

€108.25M

2020/21

Omer Toprak

€4M

€5.5M

2019/20

Abdou Diallo

€32M

€132.25M

2018/19

Christian Pulisic

€64M

€114.2M

2017/18

Ousmane Dembele

€140M

€275.95M

2016/17

Henrikh Mkhitaryan

€42M

€111M

2015/16

Ciro Immobile

€11M

€42.55M

2014/15

Julian Schieber

€2.5M

€4.8M

2013/14

Mario Gotze

€37M

€47.38M

2012/13

Shinji Kagawa

€16M

€34M

2011/12

Nuri Sahin

€10M

€12.14M

2010/11

Nelson Valdez

€3.5M

€4.3M

2009/10

Alex Frei

€4.25M

€6.35M

2008/09

Mladen Petric

€7.3M

€12.3M

2007/08

Ebi Smolarek

€4.5M

€5.28M

2006/07

Tomas Rosicky

€10M

€16.95M

2005/06

Ewerthon

€3.5M

€4.25M

2004/05

Torsten Frings

€9.25M

€10.15M

2003/04

Jens Lehmann

€3.5M

€3.7M

2002/03

Victor Ikpeba

€1M

€1.55M

2001/02

Evanilson

€15M

€19.15M

2000/01

Sergej Barbarez

€1.8M

€2.3M

Total

€1.05b (Approx)

*All figures are taken from Transfermarkt unless stated otherwise

Borussia Dortmund top 10 most expensive sales

  1. Ilkay Gundogan | €27 million | Manchester City | 2016
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    #10 Ilkay Gundogan | €27 million | Manchester City | 2016

    The German midfielder was an integral part of Dortmund from 2011 to 2016. With BVB, Gundogan won three trophies, Bundesliga (2011–12), DFB Pokal (2011–12) and DFL Supercup (2013). He featured in 157 matches in all competitions for the German side and scored 15 goals. In the summer of 2016, Gundogan was sold to Premier League outfit Manchester City.

  2. Abdou Diallo | €32 million | PSG | 2019
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    #9 Abdou Diallo | €32 million | PSG | 2019

    The Senegal international joined Dortmund in the summer of 2018 from Mainz 05. However, he played at the Signal Iduna Park for just one season (2018-19) before joining PSG in 2019. Diallo appeared in 38 matches overall for the Bundesliga club, scoring one goal.

  3. Mats Hummels | €35 million | Bayern Munich | 2016
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    #8 Mats Hummels | €35 million | Bayern Munich | 2016

    The German defender was at Dortmund for seven years from 2009 to 2016, winning two Bundesliga titles (2010–11, 2011–12), two DFB Pokals (2011–12, 2016–17) and three DFL Supercups (2013, 2014, 2019). In 2016, Hummels joined rivals Bayern Munich for €35 million. However, he returned to BVB in 2019.

  4. Mario Gotze | €37 million | Bayern Munich | 2013

    #7 Mario Gotze | €37 million | Bayern Munich | 2013

    Mario Gotze, once touted as a future superstar, came through the youth system at Dortmund and made his professional debut for the club in 2009, spending four seasons at BVB before he jumped ship to Bayern Munich in 2013.

    However, Gotze won several accolades while he was at Borussia Dortmund, including two Bundesliga titles (2010–11, 2011–12), two DFB Pokals (2011–12, 2016–17) and one DFL Supercup (2019). He played a total of 103 matches for Dortmund, scoring 14 goals.

  5. Henrikh Mkhitaryan | €42 million | Manchester United | 2016

    #6 Henrikh Mkhitaryan | €42 million | Manchester United | 2016

    The Armenian winger spent three seasons at Dortmund from 2013 to 2016. His impressive performances for the Black and Yellow saw Manchester United come knocking with a big-money offer in 2016. With BVB, Mkhitaryan won the DFL Supercup in 2014 and scored 41 goals in 140 matches.

  6. Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang | €63.75 million | Arsenal | 2018
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    #5 Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang | €63.75 million | Arsenal | 2018

    The Gabon star joined Dortmund from AC Milan in 2013 and became a hit with the BVB fans. The enterprising forward played for four-and-a-half seasons at BVB. During the winter transfer window of the 2017-18 season, Aubameyang was sold to Arsenal.

    He won three trophies during his time with the club - DFB Pokal (2016/17), DFB Supercup (2013, 2014). Aubameyang scored 141 goals in 213 matches in all competitions.

  7. Christian Pulisic | €64 million | Chelsea | 2019
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    #4 Christian Pulisic | €64 million | Chelsea | 2019

    A Dortmund youth product, the American was yet another high-profile sale made by the German club. Pulisic made his professional debut for BVB in 2016 and stayed put for three seasons. His performances at a tender age saw him get noticed by the big clubs and Chelsea made an offer in 2019. Pulisic won just one trophy in the three seasons he was at Dortmund - the DFB Pokal in 2016-17.

    He scored 19 goals in 127 matches in all competitions.

  8. Erling Haaland | €75 million | Manchester City | 2022
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    #3 Erling Haaland | €75 million | Manchester City | 2022

    In what is one of the most talked-about transfers of the upcoming window, Erling Haaland will be moving from Dortmund to Manchester City. The Norwegian joined the Bundesliga side only in January 2020. In the two and a half years he spent at the club, he developed into one of the world's hottest forwards. Haaland, who led BVB to the DFB Pokal 2020-21 title, scored a whopping 86 goals in 89 matches.

    It was not surprising that Manchester City shelled out the big bucks and triggered his release clause.

  9. Jadon Sancho | €85 million | Manchester United | 2021
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    #2 Jadon Sancho | €85 million | Manchester United | 2021

    The English winger joined Dortmund in 2017 from the academy of Manchester City and spent four seasons at the club. During his time in Germany, Sancho won two titles - DFB Pokal (2021-22) and DFB Supercup (2019).

    He also won several individual awards like DFB Pokal 2020-21 top goalscorer and the Bundesliga Goal of the Month Award in February 2019, while featuring in Bundesliga Team of the Season in 2018-19 and 2019-20.

    In 137 matches for the club over four years, Sancho netted 50 goals. Having turned the heads of many Premier League giants with his displays at BVB, it was Manchester United who finally bought him for a mammoth fee of €85 million in the summer of 2021.

  10. Ousmane Dembele | €140 million | Barcelona | 2017
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    #1 Ousmane Dembele | €140 million | Barcelona | 2017

    The French winger joined the Bundesliga outfit in 2016 from Rennes. However, he spent only a season at the club, in which he scored 10 goals in 50 appearances and won the DFB Pokal 2016/17.

    His electric pace and dribbling ability saw Barcelona come knocking in the summer of 2017 with a club record fee.